Forestry

Sweden is a forest nation

Forests are important to Sweden in several ways. Two thirds of the country’s land surface – or some 28 million hectares - is covered by different types of forests. Of this, some 23 million hectares is considered productive forests. The forest sector’s importance to the national economy is significant.  Today, nearly 60 000 persons are directly employed in the country’s forest sector and Sweden is the world’s second largest exporter of pulp, paper and sawn wood products combined. More than 300 000 private individuals own forest land themselves. Family-owned forests represent around 50% of the total forest area and some 60% of the total annual yield. For many other people, the country’s forests are also important - for hunting, for picking berries and mushrooms, for recreation and contemplation. 

 

Forests play a key-role in the development of a sustainable society

Forests also play a central role in sustainable development. Wood fiber as a raw material is renewable, recyclable and neutral when it comes to emissions of carbon dioxide contributing to climate change. Consequently, forests are gaining increasing attention as a resource in relation to ambitions to mitigate climate change and develop more resource- and energy-efficient societies. The Swedish forest industry’s vision is to be a driver in the development of a so called biobased economy, that is, an economy in which fossil raw material is replaced with renewable and recyclable raw materials such as wood fiber. At the same time, a sustainable society is dependent upon well-functioning forest ecosystems which are able to provide us with services such as climate- and water cycle regulation, and recreational experiences. Therefore, these so called forest eco-system services have to be sustained as well. 

 

Forests shall be managed sustainably to provide various benefits

The basic idea in Swedish forest policy and forestry-model is that forests shall be managed to provide economic, ecologic, as well as social benefits. Efficient and sustainable production of wood for different end-uses shall go hand in hand with preservation of valuable ecological- and socio-cultural values. In Sweden, the multi-functional role of forests is safeguarded through regulations on the use of forests across the entire forest area. In addition, land with significant ecological - or other values is protected or the management of such land is adapted. 

 

The standing volume in Swedish forests is increasing

Exploitation of forest resources has a very long history in Sweden. In earlier times, many forests were overexploited for purposes like logging for domestic timber and fuelwood use, cattle grazing, charcoal production for the mining industry, and latterly logging for sawmill- and pulp industries. By the end of the nineteenth century, large areas of forest had actually been depleted. In order to come to terms with this situation, the Swedish Parliament passed the first Forestry Act in 1903, containing provisions which required land owners to replant after forest felling. The trend of depletion was thus reversed. Since the 1920’s (when forest surveys were first initiated), the total standing volume has increased significantly.

 

 

Read more:

SEE MOVIE: Sustainable forestry - the Swedish model

The film explains how Swedish forestry is governed to be sustainable. Copyright: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences


The Swedish Forest Agency – facts and information on Swedish forests and forest policy
The Swedish Forest Industries Federation – facts on the Swedish forest industry

LRF (the Federation of Swedish Farmers) Forestry - about Swedish family forestry

Nordic Family Forestry – website for The Nordic Forest Owners’ Associations

Skogforsk - the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden

TaxWebb - statistics on Swedish forests from the National Forest Inventory

 
  • Dags att ta fram kompassen

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Klimatet förändras snabbt och för oss i Sverige innebär det att vi kan förvänta oss stora kast mellan häftiga stormar, kraftiga torrperioder och extrema skyfall. I ledaren anser Pär Lärkeryd att regeringen nu måste ta fram kompassen och visa vägen mot en framtida konkurrenskraftig skogsnäring, så att Sverige kan lägga in en högre växel i den globala klimatkampen. / Norra skogsmagasinet
    Läs mer
  • Update of the 7th Forest Science Symposium

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Planning for the ICFR/IUFRO 7th Forest Science Symposium, which will take place from 18-20 July 2017 in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, is well in hand and detailed information can be found on the ICFR website www.icfr.ukzn.ac.zaPlease note this website is undergoing upgrades but the information will be available throughout this process. / Forestry South Africa
    Läs mer
  • Seven Common Invasive Tree Species in North America

    Etiketter: Forestry
    There are nearly 250 of species of trees known to be harmful when introduced beyond their natural ranges. The good news is that the overwhelming majority of these are confined to small regions, are of less concern and have a low potential to overtake our fields and forest on a continental scale. / About.com Forestry
    Läs mer
  • Maple Sap and Syrup Production

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Maple syrup is a natural forest food product and, for the most part, only produced in temperate North American woodlands. More specifically, the sugary sap is mostly collected from the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) which grows naturally in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada. / About.com Forestry
    Läs mer
  • Forecast of gross felling 2016

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Gross felling is estimated to be at the level as 2015 according to forecast. / Swedish Forest Agency
    Läs mer
  • Register for the 6th Annual Forestry Training Indaba - Free of charge

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Come and join the Forestry Training Indaba and tap into a wealth of knowledge, resources, know-how and inspiration. The 2016 Forestry Indaba brings together all you need to know to improve training and development requirements. / Forestry South Africa
    Läs mer
  • Finding American Ginseng in Eastern Forests

    Etiketter: Forestry
    American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius, L.) is a perennial herb that grows under a portion of the deciduous forest canopies of the eastern United States. / About.com Forestry
    Läs mer
  • Sumforest EU call for funding

    Etiketter: Forestry
    “Sustainable forests for the society of the future”. The FP7 ERA-NET Sumforest invites to submit relevant research proposals in the call for transnational collaborative research projects. The call opens on the 21st March 2016 with a closing date for proposals on the 17th June 2016. / Sumforest
    Läs mer
  • Causes of Forest Fires

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Environmental historian Stephen J. Pyne, in his book entitled Fire: A Brief History (buy at Amazon.com), suggests that fire and flame can only exist on earth in the presence of the "living world". Our carbon based and flammable environment supplies all of the elements of chemistry for fire. / About.com Forestry
    Läs mer
  • ForestWorks innovation skills program

    Etiketter: Forestry, Forest research and education, Wood
    A major national initiative to lift innovation in the forest, wood, paper and timber products sector is in Melbourne today. / Timberbiz
    Läs mer