Sweden is a forest nation
Forests are important to Sweden in several ways. Two thirds of the country’s land surface – or some 28 million hectares - is covered by different types of forests. Of this, some 23 million hectares is considered productive forests. The forest sector’s importance to the national economy is significant. Today, nearly 60 000 persons are directly employed in the country’s forest sector and Sweden is the world’s second largest exporter of pulp, paper and sawn wood products combined. More than 300 000 private individuals own forest land themselves. Family-owned forests represent around 50% of the total forest area and some 60% of the total annual yield. For many other people, the country’s forests are also important - for hunting, for picking berries and mushrooms, for recreation and contemplation.
Forests play a key-role in the development of a sustainable society
Forests also play a central role in sustainable development. Wood fiber as a raw material is renewable, recyclable and neutral when it comes to emissions of carbon dioxide contributing to climate change. Consequently, forests are gaining increasing attention as a resource in relation to ambitions to mitigate climate change and develop more resource- and energy-efficient societies. The Swedish forest industry’s vision is to be a driver in the development of a so called biobased economy, that is, an economy in which fossil raw material is replaced with renewable and recyclable raw materials such as wood fiber. At the same time, a sustainable society is dependent upon well-functioning forest ecosystems which are able to provide us with services such as climate- and water cycle regulation, and recreational experiences. Therefore, these so called forest eco-system services have to be sustained as well.
Forests shall be managed sustainably to provide various benefits
The basic idea in Swedish forest policy and forestry-model is that forests shall be managed to provide economic, ecologic, as well as social benefits. Efficient and sustainable production of wood for different end-uses shall go hand in hand with preservation of valuable ecological- and socio-cultural values. In Sweden, the multi-functional role of forests is safeguarded through regulations on the use of forests across the entire forest area. In addition, land with significant ecological - or other values is protected or the management of such land is adapted.
The standing volume in Swedish forests is increasing
Exploitation of forest resources has a very long history in Sweden. In earlier times, many forests were overexploited for purposes like logging for domestic timber and fuelwood use, cattle grazing, charcoal production for the mining industry, and latterly logging for sawmill- and pulp industries. By the end of the nineteenth century, large areas of forest had actually been depleted. In order to come to terms with this situation, the Swedish Parliament passed the first Forestry Act in 1903, containing provisions which required land owners to replant after forest felling. The trend of depletion was thus reversed. Since the 1920’s (when forest surveys were first initiated), the total standing volume has increased significantly.
The film explains how Swedish forestry is governed to be sustainable. Copyright: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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Publicerad: Tuesday, 23 April, 2019 - 16:42Etiketter: ForestryFor the first time ever, Svenska Skogsplantor (SSP) has grown Douglas firs with Conniflex treatment against pine weevil after being commissioned by the Niedersachsen State Forestry Service. Throughout March, 44,000 Douglas firs grown at SSP’s plant nursery in Kalmar were planted in Niedersachsen. This is the first time that SSP has delivered rooted planting material with Conniflex-treatment commercially to Germany. / Svenska SkogsplantorLäs mer
Publicerad: Wednesday, 17 April, 2019 - 11:57Etiketter: ForestryThe notified area of final felling increased by 16 percent in March compared with the corresponding month in 2018. Therefore, the trend of increased notifications continues, according to the Swedish Forest Agency's statistics. It is the second highest monthly recorded data for the whole country in for March month in the last 12 years. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 16 April, 2019 - 10:36Etiketter: ForestryThis course examines the fundamental concepts of forest ecology and the role of forests in terrestrial ecosystems. The course will be divided into three sections, and will integrate case studies to introduce the student to current research problems in the study of forest ecology. / Forestry South AfricaLäs mer
Publicerad: Monday, 15 April, 2019 - 17:46Etiketter: ForestryAhlstrom-Munksjö believes that zero accidents is possible. The long-term goal is an accident-free workplace and in order to achieve this target, the company is certifying its plants with the ISO 45001-standard. / Ahlstrom-MunksjöLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 9 April, 2019 - 10:25Etiketter: ForestryThe Swedish Forest Agency conducts an annual survey by questionnaire on the production of seedlings for forest regeneration in Sweden. According to the latest survey the production of Scots pine increased by almost 8 percent in 2018 compared to the previous year. In total 384 million seedlings were delivered in 2018, which is an increase of 2 percent compared to 2017. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer