Forestry

Sweden is a forest nation

Forests are important to Sweden in several ways. Two thirds of the country’s land surface – or some 28 million hectares - is covered by different types of forests. Of this, some 23 million hectares is considered productive forests. The forest sector’s importance to the national economy is significant.  Today, nearly 60 000 persons are directly employed in the country’s forest sector and Sweden is the world’s second largest exporter of pulp, paper and sawn wood products combined. More than 300 000 private individuals own forest land themselves. Family-owned forests represent around 50% of the total forest area and some 60% of the total annual yield. For many other people, the country’s forests are also important - for hunting, for picking berries and mushrooms, for recreation and contemplation. 

 

Forests play a key-role in the development of a sustainable society

Forests also play a central role in sustainable development. Wood fiber as a raw material is renewable, recyclable and neutral when it comes to emissions of carbon dioxide contributing to climate change. Consequently, forests are gaining increasing attention as a resource in relation to ambitions to mitigate climate change and develop more resource- and energy-efficient societies. The Swedish forest industry’s vision is to be a driver in the development of a so called biobased economy, that is, an economy in which fossil raw material is replaced with renewable and recyclable raw materials such as wood fiber. At the same time, a sustainable society is dependent upon well-functioning forest ecosystems which are able to provide us with services such as climate- and water cycle regulation, and recreational experiences. Therefore, these so called forest eco-system services have to be sustained as well. 

 

Forests shall be managed sustainably to provide various benefits

The basic idea in Swedish forest policy and forestry-model is that forests shall be managed to provide economic, ecologic, as well as social benefits. Efficient and sustainable production of wood for different end-uses shall go hand in hand with preservation of valuable ecological- and socio-cultural values. In Sweden, the multi-functional role of forests is safeguarded through regulations on the use of forests across the entire forest area. In addition, land with significant ecological - or other values is protected or the management of such land is adapted. 

 

The standing volume in Swedish forests is increasing

Exploitation of forest resources has a very long history in Sweden. In earlier times, many forests were overexploited for purposes like logging for domestic timber and fuelwood use, cattle grazing, charcoal production for the mining industry, and latterly logging for sawmill- and pulp industries. By the end of the nineteenth century, large areas of forest had actually been depleted. In order to come to terms with this situation, the Swedish Parliament passed the first Forestry Act in 1903, containing provisions which required land owners to replant after forest felling. The trend of depletion was thus reversed. Since the 1920’s (when forest surveys were first initiated), the total standing volume has increased significantly.

 

 

Read more:

SEE MOVIE: Sustainable forestry - the Swedish model

The film explains how Swedish forestry is governed to be sustainable. Copyright: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences


The Swedish Forest Agency – facts and information on Swedish forests and forest policy
The Swedish Forest Industries Federation – facts on the Swedish forest industry

LRF (the Federation of Swedish Farmers) Forestry - about Swedish family forestry

Nordic Family Forestry – website for The Nordic Forest Owners’ Associations

Skogforsk - the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden

TaxWebb - statistics on Swedish forests from the National Forest Inventory

 
  • Greater knowledge about the spruce bark beetle

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Why does damage caused by spruce bark beetle increase during extremely hot and dry summers? How can growth in young and middle-aged forest be strengthened? These are a few of the questions for which researchers received grants to conduct further studies. / Södra
    Läs mer
  • Point of view: From stovepipes to sustainability

    Etiketter: Forestry
    To reach sustainability, we should consider what kind of world we actually want. Policies that are designed to control progress at molecular level will in practice prevent innovation and solutions, writes Lena Ek. / Finnish Forest Association
    Läs mer
  • Forestry owners in NZ slugged more for compliance

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Owners of forestry blocks more than a hectare in size might soon be up for thousands of dollars in extra costs to harvest their trees. New Zealand’s introduction of new National Environment Standards for plantation forestry has altered how councils monitor forestry-based activities, and their impact on the environment. / Timberbiz
    Läs mer
  • For Finns, a cultivated spruce is the most beautiful Christmas tree

    Etiketter: Forestry
    In addition to traditions and beauty, environmental values play an increasingly prominent role when choosing the Christmas tree. As regards the choice of species, Finns tend to avoid Scots pine as a Christmas tree, though it is often chosen in the farthest north of Finland, because spruce does not grow there. / Finnish Forest Association
    Läs mer
  • Harvesters may explode the volume of data from forests

    Etiketter: Forestry
    New technology and big data open up new opportunities for forest harvesting entrepreneurs, allowing them to provide services for a variety of purposes. / Finnish Forest Association
    Läs mer
  • Finnfund calculated climate effects of its investment portfolio

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Forest investments sequester amounts of carbon dioxide equivalent to those produced by a medium-sized Finnish city. / Finnfund
    Läs mer
  • After summer forest fires: record interest in notified area of final felling

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The notified area of final felling increased by 18 percent and amounted to 34,369 hectares in November in the whole country, compared to the same month last year, according to the latest monthly statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency. It is the highest monthly recorded data for November since 2007 in the whole country. / Swedish Forest Agency
    Läs mer
  • A career made out of wood

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The forest industry, from growing trees to making wood and paper-based products, is responsible for over 158,000 jobs. / Forestry South Africa
    Läs mer
  • First Lady celebrated Finland’s independence in wood-fibre gown – closely followed by the whole nation

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The celebration of Finland’s Independence Day on 6 December culminates with a reception given by the President of the Republic at the Presidential Palace in Helsinki. This year the First Lady, Mrs. Jenni Haukio wore a gown that started life as a birch in North Karelia. / Finnish Forest Association
    Läs mer
  • Better spruce trees from greenhouse orchards

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Sweden’s first large-scale greenhouse orchard for control-pollinated spruce seeds has opened at Södra’s nursery in Falkenberg. The project, conducted jointly with the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden, will improve the quality of future spruce trees. / Södra
    Läs mer

Pages