Sweden is a forest nation
Forests are important to Sweden in several ways. Two thirds of the country’s land surface – or some 28 million hectares - is covered by different types of forests. Of this, some 23 million hectares is considered productive forests. The forest sector’s importance to the national economy is significant. Today, nearly 60 000 persons are directly employed in the country’s forest sector and Sweden is the world’s second largest exporter of pulp, paper and sawn wood products combined. More than 300 000 private individuals own forest land themselves. Family-owned forests represent around 50% of the total forest area and some 60% of the total annual yield. For many other people, the country’s forests are also important - for hunting, for picking berries and mushrooms, for recreation and contemplation.
Forests play a key-role in the development of a sustainable society
Forests also play a central role in sustainable development. Wood fiber as a raw material is renewable, recyclable and neutral when it comes to emissions of carbon dioxide contributing to climate change. Consequently, forests are gaining increasing attention as a resource in relation to ambitions to mitigate climate change and develop more resource- and energy-efficient societies. The Swedish forest industry’s vision is to be a driver in the development of a so called biobased economy, that is, an economy in which fossil raw material is replaced with renewable and recyclable raw materials such as wood fiber. At the same time, a sustainable society is dependent upon well-functioning forest ecosystems which are able to provide us with services such as climate- and water cycle regulation, and recreational experiences. Therefore, these so called forest eco-system services have to be sustained as well.
Forests shall be managed sustainably to provide various benefits
The basic idea in Swedish forest policy and forestry-model is that forests shall be managed to provide economic, ecologic, as well as social benefits. Efficient and sustainable production of wood for different end-uses shall go hand in hand with preservation of valuable ecological- and socio-cultural values. In Sweden, the multi-functional role of forests is safeguarded through regulations on the use of forests across the entire forest area. In addition, land with significant ecological - or other values is protected or the management of such land is adapted.
The standing volume in Swedish forests is increasing
Exploitation of forest resources has a very long history in Sweden. In earlier times, many forests were overexploited for purposes like logging for domestic timber and fuelwood use, cattle grazing, charcoal production for the mining industry, and latterly logging for sawmill- and pulp industries. By the end of the nineteenth century, large areas of forest had actually been depleted. In order to come to terms with this situation, the Swedish Parliament passed the first Forestry Act in 1903, containing provisions which required land owners to replant after forest felling. The trend of depletion was thus reversed. Since the 1920’s (when forest surveys were first initiated), the total standing volume has increased significantly.
The film explains how Swedish forestry is governed to be sustainable. Copyright: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Publicerad: Tuesday, 3 September, 2019 - 10:33Etiketter: ForestryAccording to the Swedish Forest Agency’s stock survey, the total stocks of coniferous sawlogs, pulpwood and pulp chips was 10.1 million cubic metres on June 30 this year. That is 36 per cent higher than in the same period last year. The stocks of pine and softwood pulp wood was 4.1 million cubic metres which is the highest levels since 2005. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer
Publicerad: Friday, 30 August, 2019 - 10:00Etiketter: ForestryGood forest management involves choosing a harvesting method that suits the characteristics of the forest compartment and the needs of the forest owner. Clearcutting and continuous-cover harvesting are not the only methods. / Finnish Forest AssociationLäs mer
Climate guru Petteri Taalas: The greatest challenge of global forest policy is to stop the destruction of the rainforestsPublicerad: Thursday, 22 August, 2019 - 11:59Etiketter: ForestryPetteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), an agency of the United Nations, is hoping for facts and realism in the climate debate – excessive measures may play into the hands of the populists. / Finnish Forest AssociationLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 20 August, 2019 - 11:19Etiketter: ForestrySawlog prices decreased by 2.8 percent during the second quarter compared to the first quarter of 2019. At the same time, pulpwood prices were relatively unchanged. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 13 August, 2019 - 15:59Etiketter: ForestryAn intergovernmental report on climate change released late last week highlights the need for a whole-of-landscape approach to tackling climate change, and the vital role the agriculture and forestry sector can play in reducing emissions and storing carbon, according to Climate Proofing Australia (CPA). / TimberbizLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 13 August, 2019 - 15:57Etiketter: ForestryAfter a slump in notifications in June the forest owners’ engagement for final felling increased considerably in July. That is shown by monthly statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency. The area notified for final felling in July was the highest in 9 years. One reason for the increase could be higher activity in forest operations due to infestation of bark beetle which leads forest owners to notify for final felling to clear damaged forests despite it being the main summer holiday month. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer
Publicerad: Thursday, 11 July, 2019 - 10:53Etiketter: ForestryA market research company is visiting country towns in Victoria to test the water on the public’s reaction to shutting down the native timber industry. The most recent of several events was in Maryborough on Wednesday night. Others are understood to have taken place in Shepparton and Bendigo as well as various centres in Gipplsland. / TimberbizLäs mer
Publicerad: Wednesday, 10 July, 2019 - 11:07Etiketter: ForestryThe RFA modernisation paper understates the existing levels of protection for biodiversity in Victoria and misrepresents the role of the state’s native forest timber industry, according to the Institute of Foresters of Australia (IFA). / TimberbizLäs mer
Publicerad: Thursday, 4 July, 2019 - 13:31Etiketter: ForestryFinland holds the presidency of the Council of the European Union for the next six months. / Finnish Forest AssociationLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 2 July, 2019 - 13:41Etiketter: ForestryThe cost of felling in large scale forestry increased in 2018, according to recent statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency. Large amounts of snow in the north and dry summer weather both contributed to higher costs for regeneration felling and thinning. / The Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer