Sweden is a forest nation
Forests are important to Sweden in several ways. Two thirds of the country’s land surface – or some 28 million hectares - is covered by different types of forests. Of this, some 23 million hectares is considered productive forests. The forest sector’s importance to the national economy is significant. Today, nearly 60 000 persons are directly employed in the country’s forest sector and Sweden is the world’s second largest exporter of pulp, paper and sawn wood products combined. More than 300 000 private individuals own forest land themselves. Family-owned forests represent around 50% of the total forest area and some 60% of the total annual yield. For many other people, the country’s forests are also important - for hunting, for picking berries and mushrooms, for recreation and contemplation.
Forests play a key-role in the development of a sustainable society
Forests also play a central role in sustainable development. Wood fiber as a raw material is renewable, recyclable and neutral when it comes to emissions of carbon dioxide contributing to climate change. Consequently, forests are gaining increasing attention as a resource in relation to ambitions to mitigate climate change and develop more resource- and energy-efficient societies. The Swedish forest industry’s vision is to be a driver in the development of a so called biobased economy, that is, an economy in which fossil raw material is replaced with renewable and recyclable raw materials such as wood fiber. At the same time, a sustainable society is dependent upon well-functioning forest ecosystems which are able to provide us with services such as climate- and water cycle regulation, and recreational experiences. Therefore, these so called forest eco-system services have to be sustained as well.
Forests shall be managed sustainably to provide various benefits
The basic idea in Swedish forest policy and forestry-model is that forests shall be managed to provide economic, ecologic, as well as social benefits. Efficient and sustainable production of wood for different end-uses shall go hand in hand with preservation of valuable ecological- and socio-cultural values. In Sweden, the multi-functional role of forests is safeguarded through regulations on the use of forests across the entire forest area. In addition, land with significant ecological - or other values is protected or the management of such land is adapted.
The standing volume in Swedish forests is increasing
Exploitation of forest resources has a very long history in Sweden. In earlier times, many forests were overexploited for purposes like logging for domestic timber and fuelwood use, cattle grazing, charcoal production for the mining industry, and latterly logging for sawmill- and pulp industries. By the end of the nineteenth century, large areas of forest had actually been depleted. In order to come to terms with this situation, the Swedish Parliament passed the first Forestry Act in 1903, containing provisions which required land owners to replant after forest felling. The trend of depletion was thus reversed. Since the 1920’s (when forest surveys were first initiated), the total standing volume has increased significantly.
The film explains how Swedish forestry is governed to be sustainable. Copyright: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Publicerad: Tuesday, 15 October, 2019 - 16:06Etiketter: ForestryMonthly statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency shows an overall decrease in notified area for final felling in September compared to the same month 2018 – in region South of Northern Sweden 41 per cent. The reason behind the decrease are the vast areas notified after the extensive forest fires last year. In region Central Sweden forest owners continues the high level of forest operations with an increase of 6 per cent of notified areas compared to September last year. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer
Publicerad: Friday, 11 October, 2019 - 07:17Etiketter: ForestryThe aim of climate smart forestry is to employ practices that improve the mitigation of climate change. / Finnish Forest AssociationLäs mer
Publicerad: Wednesday, 9 October, 2019 - 14:47Etiketter: ForestryThe development of the planting machine Plantma X is moving forward. In November, field tests will begin and in spring 2020 the machine is expected to be put into operation. / Svenska skogsplantorLäs mer
Publicerad: Wednesday, 9 October, 2019 - 14:24Etiketter: ForestryIn a world first, trainee chainsaw operators will soon be able to use a virtual reality (VR) application to test their theoretical knowledge and hone their skill in a simulated timber plantation. / Forestry South AfricaLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 8 October, 2019 - 13:34Etiketter: ForestryHarvesting is expected to increase this year, showing a forecast from the Swedish Forest Agency. If the forecast stands, it is the highest figure since 2007.The gross felling in 2019 is estimated to be 94 million forest cubic metres. It is slightly more than 2018 when the preliminary gross felling was less than 93.5 million cubic metres. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer
Publicerad: Monday, 7 October, 2019 - 13:20Etiketter: ForestrySunday, September 1st saw the launch of National Arbor Month by Deputy Minister of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries Ms Maggie Sotyu in Port Elizabeth. This year's theme is Forests and Sustainable Cities. / Forestry South AfricaLäs mer
Publicerad: Friday, 4 October, 2019 - 07:26Etiketter: ForestryOver half (58%) of Europe’s endemic trees are threatened with extinction, according to assessments of the state of the continent’s biodiversity published today by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The introduction of invasive species, unsustainable logging and urban development are key threats causing the decline of tree species such as the horse-chestnut across Europe. / IUCNLäs mer
Publicerad: Thursday, 3 October, 2019 - 08:03Etiketter: ForestryThe Victorian State Government has cancelled its community consultation process into reforms to the code of practice for timber production. State Environment Minister Lily D’Ambosio took the odd step of announcing the community engagement on the code through a release on Twitter. / TimberbizLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 1 October, 2019 - 13:50Etiketter: ForestryProductive forest land under forest management certification scheme was 14.8 million hectares in 2018, which represents an increase of 3 percent since 2016. At the same time, forest owners' voluntary set-asides amounted to 1.2 million hectares during the same year, which is also an increase of 3 percent during the same period. These results are presented in a new statistical product that the Swedish Forest Agency will from now on publish annually. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 17 September, 2019 - 10:47Etiketter: ForestryThe notified area of final felling increased by 18 per cent in February compared with the corresponding month in 2018. Therefore, the trend of increased notifications continues, according to the Swedish Forest Agency's statistics. It is the highest monthly recorded data for the whole country in for February month in the last 12 years. / Swedish Forest AgencyLäs mer