Forestry

Sweden is a forest nation

Forests are important to Sweden in several ways. Two thirds of the country’s land surface – or some 28 million hectares - is covered by different types of forests. Of this, some 23 million hectares is considered productive forests. The forest sector’s importance to the national economy is significant.  Today, nearly 60 000 persons are directly employed in the country’s forest sector and Sweden is the world’s second largest exporter of pulp, paper and sawn wood products combined. More than 300 000 private individuals own forest land themselves. Family-owned forests represent around 50% of the total forest area and some 60% of the total annual yield. For many other people, the country’s forests are also important - for hunting, for picking berries and mushrooms, for recreation and contemplation. 

 

Forests play a key-role in the development of a sustainable society

Forests also play a central role in sustainable development. Wood fiber as a raw material is renewable, recyclable and neutral when it comes to emissions of carbon dioxide contributing to climate change. Consequently, forests are gaining increasing attention as a resource in relation to ambitions to mitigate climate change and develop more resource- and energy-efficient societies. The Swedish forest industry’s vision is to be a driver in the development of a so called biobased economy, that is, an economy in which fossil raw material is replaced with renewable and recyclable raw materials such as wood fiber. At the same time, a sustainable society is dependent upon well-functioning forest ecosystems which are able to provide us with services such as climate- and water cycle regulation, and recreational experiences. Therefore, these so called forest eco-system services have to be sustained as well. 

 

Forests shall be managed sustainably to provide various benefits

The basic idea in Swedish forest policy and forestry-model is that forests shall be managed to provide economic, ecologic, as well as social benefits. Efficient and sustainable production of wood for different end-uses shall go hand in hand with preservation of valuable ecological- and socio-cultural values. In Sweden, the multi-functional role of forests is safeguarded through regulations on the use of forests across the entire forest area. In addition, land with significant ecological - or other values is protected or the management of such land is adapted. 

 

The standing volume in Swedish forests is increasing

Exploitation of forest resources has a very long history in Sweden. In earlier times, many forests were overexploited for purposes like logging for domestic timber and fuelwood use, cattle grazing, charcoal production for the mining industry, and latterly logging for sawmill- and pulp industries. By the end of the nineteenth century, large areas of forest had actually been depleted. In order to come to terms with this situation, the Swedish Parliament passed the first Forestry Act in 1903, containing provisions which required land owners to replant after forest felling. The trend of depletion was thus reversed. Since the 1920’s (when forest surveys were first initiated), the total standing volume has increased significantly.

 

 

Read more:

SEE MOVIE: Sustainable forestry - the Swedish model

The film explains how Swedish forestry is governed to be sustainable. Copyright: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences


The Swedish Forest Agency – facts and information on Swedish forests and forest policy
The Swedish Forest Industries Federation – facts on the Swedish forest industry

LRF (the Federation of Swedish Farmers) Forestry - about Swedish family forestry

Nordic Family Forestry – website for The Nordic Forest Owners’ Associations

Skogforsk - the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden

TaxWebb - statistics on Swedish forests from the National Forest Inventory

 
  • Marginally decreasing logging costs in the large-scale forestry 2017

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The logging cost of regeneration felling and thinning decreased marginally in the whole country in 2017 compared with the year before according to recent statistics. / Swedish Forest Agency
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  • The notified area of final felling continues to increase in the region Northern Sweden

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The notified area of final felling continues to increase during May in the region Northern Sweden. The increase was 29 percent compared with the same month last year, according to latest monthly statistics. / Swedish Forest Agency
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  • Predatory mites are saving birches

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Södra’s nursery in Falkenberg is now using a biological method of pest control for the very first season, which means using beneficial animals instead of traditional chemical pest control. The biological method is more sustainable and creates a better work environment. / Södra
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  • More green electricity and heat from forests

    Etiketter: Forestry
    In 2017, Södra delivered more green electricity to the national electricity grid than ever before, and six times more compared with 2010. In the same year, Södra delivered heat equivalent to the district heating requirements of 25,000 homes. The increase in energy deliveries was enabled by Södra’s investments in its pulp mills over the past few years. / Södra
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  • Highest notified area of final felling in ten years in the region Northern Sweden

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The notified area of final felling was the largest in ten years in the region Northern Sweden during April 2018. The increase was 89 percent compared with the same month last year according to Swedish Forest Agency's latest monthly statistics. / Swedish Forest Agency
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  • Kenya turns to science to help improve forest cover

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The Kenyan government said Tuesday it has resorted to science to help improve its national forest cover. Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Forestry Keriako Tobiko said the country is embracing research, education and training in the forest sector to increase forest cover from 6.9 percent to 10 percent by 2030. / Forestry South Africa
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  • Increase in stocks of coniferous sawlogs but decline in stock volumes of pulpwood and wood chips

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The stock volumes of coniferous sawlogs increased in the first quarter compared to the same time frame as last year. In the southern part of Sweden (wood balance region 4), the increase was 50 %. At the same time, the stock volumes of pulpwood and wood chips decreased. / Swedish Forest Agency
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  • Rising delivery prices on pulpwood and unchanged prices on sawlog

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Pulpwood prices rose by four per cent in the first quarter of 2018 compared to the fourth quarter of 2017, while sawlog prices remained unchanged. / Swedish Forest Agency
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  • Strong increase in notified area of final felling in Norrland

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Notified area of final felling increased in Norrland (North of Sweden) by 20 percent in March compared to corresponding month of last year according to the latest monthly statistics from Swedish Forest Agency. The increase had been gradually in 2018. / Swedish Forest Agency
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  • Södra is Sweden’s most attractive employer

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Södra has been named as Sweden’s most attractive employer in the world’s largest employer branding survey, the Randstad Award. Over the past two years, Södra has advanced from 48 in the ranking to now occupy the top spot and thereby become the first forest industry company to receive the award. / Södra
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