Forestry

Sweden is a forest nation

Forests are important to Sweden in several ways. Two thirds of the country’s land surface – or some 28 million hectares - is covered by different types of forests. Of this, some 23 million hectares is considered productive forests. The forest sector’s importance to the national economy is significant.  Today, nearly 60 000 persons are directly employed in the country’s forest sector and Sweden is the world’s second largest exporter of pulp, paper and sawn wood products combined. More than 300 000 private individuals own forest land themselves. Family-owned forests represent around 50% of the total forest area and some 60% of the total annual yield. For many other people, the country’s forests are also important - for hunting, for picking berries and mushrooms, for recreation and contemplation. 

 

Forests play a key-role in the development of a sustainable society

Forests also play a central role in sustainable development. Wood fiber as a raw material is renewable, recyclable and neutral when it comes to emissions of carbon dioxide contributing to climate change. Consequently, forests are gaining increasing attention as a resource in relation to ambitions to mitigate climate change and develop more resource- and energy-efficient societies. The Swedish forest industry’s vision is to be a driver in the development of a so called biobased economy, that is, an economy in which fossil raw material is replaced with renewable and recyclable raw materials such as wood fiber. At the same time, a sustainable society is dependent upon well-functioning forest ecosystems which are able to provide us with services such as climate- and water cycle regulation, and recreational experiences. Therefore, these so called forest eco-system services have to be sustained as well. 

 

Forests shall be managed sustainably to provide various benefits

The basic idea in Swedish forest policy and forestry-model is that forests shall be managed to provide economic, ecologic, as well as social benefits. Efficient and sustainable production of wood for different end-uses shall go hand in hand with preservation of valuable ecological- and socio-cultural values. In Sweden, the multi-functional role of forests is safeguarded through regulations on the use of forests across the entire forest area. In addition, land with significant ecological - or other values is protected or the management of such land is adapted. 

 

The standing volume in Swedish forests is increasing

Exploitation of forest resources has a very long history in Sweden. In earlier times, many forests were overexploited for purposes like logging for domestic timber and fuelwood use, cattle grazing, charcoal production for the mining industry, and latterly logging for sawmill- and pulp industries. By the end of the nineteenth century, large areas of forest had actually been depleted. In order to come to terms with this situation, the Swedish Parliament passed the first Forestry Act in 1903, containing provisions which required land owners to replant after forest felling. The trend of depletion was thus reversed. Since the 1920’s (when forest surveys were first initiated), the total standing volume has increased significantly.

 

 

Read more:

SEE MOVIE: Sustainable forestry - the Swedish model

The film explains how Swedish forestry is governed to be sustainable. Copyright: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences


The Swedish Forest Agency – facts and information on Swedish forests and forest policy
The Swedish Forest Industries Federation – facts on the Swedish forest industry

LRF (the Federation of Swedish Farmers) Forestry - about Swedish family forestry

Nordic Family Forestry – website for The Nordic Forest Owners’ Associations

Skogforsk - the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden

TaxWebb - statistics on Swedish forests from the National Forest Inventory

 
  • Södra to acquire Bergvik Skog’s forest holding in Latvia

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Södra is acquiring Bergvik Skog AB’s forest holding in Latvia. The total area is 111,100 hectares, of which 80,300 comprise forest land. / Södra
    Läs mer
  • Strongly increased interest in notified area of final felling in the region South of Sweden

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The notified area of final felling increased by 24 percent in October in the region South of Sweden, compared to the same month last year, according to the latest monthly statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency. It is the highest monthly recorded data since 2009 in the region South of Sweden. / Swedish Forest Agency
    Läs mer
  • Forest debate: Forests are important for climate change – but reducing fossil emissions is still key

    Etiketter: Forestry
    ”Amidst its current hardships, the Royal Court of Saudi Arabia is probably quite pleased that all of us here are discussing forests instead of what lies at the heart of the climate change,” said Professor Pekka Kauppi. ”The role of forests as a buffer against climate change is important, but that buffer is mostly found in natural forests,” said Researcher Sampo Soimakallio. / Finnish Forest Association
    Läs mer
  • Forest debate: Greenpeace does not demand total ban on clearcutting – which is just one of the 15 logging methods in Finnish state forests

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The Finnish state forest company Metsähallitus chooses the logging method on the basis of what is planned for each forest stand and of its specific features. Greenpeace wants continuous-cover silviculture to be the dominant method. / Finnish Forest Association
    Läs mer
  • Government to get tough with Australian Forestry Standards

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The Federal Government has foreshadowed a tough approach towards retailers who refuse to sell goods certified under the internationally recognised Australian Forestry Standard (AFS). / Timberbiz
    Läs mer
  • Continued positive development of regeneration

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The proportion of regeneration area which is assessed and approved under the Forestry Act (6§) shows continued positive development. In the last three-year average during the period 2015/2016-2017/2018 results indicate that the regeneration area has improved and reached 91 percent approved area, which is the highest level since the inventory started Also, the proportion of regeneration area is estimated to exceeds the Forestry Act's requirement regarding the number of main plants and share of degree of stand blanks has steadily increased in recent years. / The Swedish Forest Agency
    Läs mer
  • The notified area of final felling increased sharply after the forest fires of the summer

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The notified area of final felling in September increased by 78 percent in region South of Northern Sweden (Södra Norrland), compared to the same month last year, according to latest monthly statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency .The main reason for the increase is the forests in fire-damaged areas of the summer are now notified area of final felling in September. / Swedish Forest Agency
    Läs mer
  • Firefighter's Handbook on Wildland Firefighting - Strategy

    Etiketter: Forestry
    The NEW 4th Edition of this bestselling book by noted wildland firefighting author, Bill Teie is updated to address the most current NFPA and National Wildfire Coordinating Group. / Forestry South Africa
    Läs mer
  • Significant Growth in Earnings from Private Forests

    Etiketter: Forestry
    Key forecast variables for Finnish forestry, 2018–2019
    Increasing demand due to good economic prospects and recent investments will boost the use of roundwood this year in Finland according to the forecast of Pellervo Economic Research. The use of imported roundwood increases, but not sufficiently to meet the increased demand. / PTT
    Läs mer
  • Forest economists maintain a strong network - SSFE celebrates 60 year

    Etiketter: Forestry
    One of the oldest and most enduring scientific networks supported under the SNS umbrella turned sixty this year. The Scandinavian Society of Forest Economics (SSFE) has brought researchers in the Nordic countries together since 1958. Biennial conferences have been organised almost without interruption. The anniversary was celebrated at a conference in Denmark in May 2018. / SNS
    Läs mer

Pages