Sweden is a forest nation
Forests are important to Sweden in several ways. Two thirds of the country’s land surface – or some 28 million hectares - is covered by different types of forests. Of this, some 23 million hectares is considered productive forests. The forest sector’s importance to the national economy is significant. Today, nearly 60 000 persons are directly employed in the country’s forest sector and Sweden is the world’s second largest exporter of pulp, paper and sawn wood products combined. More than 300 000 private individuals own forest land themselves. Family-owned forests represent around 50% of the total forest area and some 60% of the total annual yield. For many other people, the country’s forests are also important - for hunting, for picking berries and mushrooms, for recreation and contemplation.
Forests play a key-role in the development of a sustainable society
Forests also play a central role in sustainable development. Wood fiber as a raw material is renewable, recyclable and neutral when it comes to emissions of carbon dioxide contributing to climate change. Consequently, forests are gaining increasing attention as a resource in relation to ambitions to mitigate climate change and develop more resource- and energy-efficient societies. The Swedish forest industry’s vision is to be a driver in the development of a so called biobased economy, that is, an economy in which fossil raw material is replaced with renewable and recyclable raw materials such as wood fiber. At the same time, a sustainable society is dependent upon well-functioning forest ecosystems which are able to provide us with services such as climate- and water cycle regulation, and recreational experiences. Therefore, these so called forest eco-system services have to be sustained as well.
Forests shall be managed sustainably to provide various benefits
The basic idea in Swedish forest policy and forestry-model is that forests shall be managed to provide economic, ecologic, as well as social benefits. Efficient and sustainable production of wood for different end-uses shall go hand in hand with preservation of valuable ecological- and socio-cultural values. In Sweden, the multi-functional role of forests is safeguarded through regulations on the use of forests across the entire forest area. In addition, land with significant ecological - or other values is protected or the management of such land is adapted.
The standing volume in Swedish forests is increasing
Exploitation of forest resources has a very long history in Sweden. In earlier times, many forests were overexploited for purposes like logging for domestic timber and fuelwood use, cattle grazing, charcoal production for the mining industry, and latterly logging for sawmill- and pulp industries. By the end of the nineteenth century, large areas of forest had actually been depleted. In order to come to terms with this situation, the Swedish Parliament passed the first Forestry Act in 1903, containing provisions which required land owners to replant after forest felling. The trend of depletion was thus reversed. Since the 1920’s (when forest surveys were first initiated), the total standing volume has increased significantly.
The film explains how Swedish forestry is governed to be sustainable. Copyright: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Publicerad: Thursday, 23 January, 2020 - 16:08Etiketter: ForestryA project to expand FSC certified teak and UTZ certified cocoa plantations in the rural Siuna and Bonanza regions of Nicaragua scores exceptionally high points in Finnfund’s development impact assessment. The high score is based on the project’s contribution to carbon capture, protection of fauna and curbing deforestation as well as the various social impacts, such as proper jobs, improved income for local smallholders and equal opportunities for women. / FinnfundLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 7 January, 2020 - 10:57Etiketter: ForestryMetsä Board, part of Metsä Group, is participating in a joint project called SEED, led by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, in which forest companies are developing new digital solutions together with companies in the ICT industry. / MetsäBoardLäs mer
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Forest protection has continued to increase in Finland – area of strictly protected forests is now the size of BelgiumPublicerad: Thursday, 12 December, 2019 - 13:24Etiketter: ForestryThe percentage of protected forest out of productive and poorly productive forest land has increased in northern Finland. In southern Finland, it has remained the same. / The Finnish Forest AssociationLäs mer
Publicerad: Thursday, 5 December, 2019 - 08:59Etiketter: ForestryOne of Finland’s biggest summer job recruitments is getting under way again. In the coming year, Metsä Group will provide a summer job for nearly 900 future professionals. The company is also offering almost 300 summer jobs outside Finland. Metsä Group invests in providing summer employees with guidance for their jobs and support for their learning, offers responsible and diverse tasks and pays fair wages for summer jobs, according to the demands of each task. / MetsäLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 3 December, 2019 - 11:05Etiketter: ForestryFederal Shadow Minister for Agriculture and Resources Joel Fitzgibbon has strongly backed Victoria’s native forest industries as sustainable, this is at odds with Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews who plans to shut it down. / TimberbizLäs mer
Publicerad: Tuesday, 26 November, 2019 - 10:53Etiketter: ForestryWhen the soil surface is prepared after regeneration felling for new trees to grow, the new tree generation germinates and starts to grow quickly. Simultaneously, logging residues increase the carbon storage of soil. / Finnish Forest AssociationLäs mer
Publicerad: Monday, 4 November, 2019 - 13:55Etiketter: ForestryMetsä Wood, a Finnish engineered wood product company, has awarded the Estonian start-up Team 99 for its innovative design of a module that can be used to construct buildings of different sizes and shapes, at the same time reducing their overall carbon footprint. The module has been completely designed using Metsä Wood’s Kerto LVL (laminated veneer lumber) products – making the design fast, light and green. / Metsä WoodLäs mer
Publicerad: Monday, 4 November, 2019 - 13:54Etiketter: ForestryMetsä Wood, a Finnish engineered wood product company, has awarded the Estonian start-up Team 99 for its innovative design of a module that can be used to construct buildings of different sizes and shapes, at the same time reducing their overall carbon footprint. The module has been completely designed using Metsä Wood’s Kerto LVL (laminated veneer lumber) products – making the design fast, light and green. / Metsä WoodLäs mer